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About Kaunas district

All settlements are easily accessible

1950-06 from the abolished Kaunas county 27 and Vilkija county 5
Kaunas district formed by the surrounding area (until 1955-07 it was called Vilijampolės
district). The area was 626 km2. The center is Kaunas. 1950 was 1 city
type settlement - Kulautuva. In 1950–53 it belonged to the Kaunas region. At the end of 1954
there were 16, at the beginning of 1959 - 28, in the middle of 1963 - 24, at the end of 1972 - 20
surroundings. In 1955, after the annexation of Vilijampolė district, Panemunė district was abolished
16 precincts and Kačerginė settlement, after transferring 2 precincts of Vilijampolė district
Jonava district, Vilijampole district is named Kaunas district. 1956 Lake
the settlement was transformed into a city-type settlement. In 1957, the boundaries of the district were changed.
1958 The residential area of Liustbergi is named Linksmakalni, Palemon and
The residential areas of Garliava have been transformed into urban-type settlements. 1961
The settlement of Palemons was connected to Kaunas, 4 neighborhoods were abolished. 1962 add
The territory of Jonava and Vilkija districts, Jurbarkos,
Kėdainiai and Ukmergė districts were transferred 5 districts of Kaunas district each. 1965
Jonava and 4 surrounding areas were transferred to the created Jonava district. 1970 Linksmakalni
the settlement was transformed into a village, in 1975 and 1976 the boundaries of the district were slightly changed.
In 1959, the district had 58,500 inhabitants, in 1970 – 71,900. 1995 instead of Kaunas district
Kaunas district municipality was established.

Through the territory of Kaunas district municipality in a semi-circle, Nemunas and Neris valleys
on the right banks, the Vilkija ridge continues. It (near Lapia) has
the highest place in the municipality is 112 meters. The ridge separates the lowlands of Nevėžys
the southern edge (in the north of the municipal territory) from the Užnemunė lowland
(in the west) and from the lowlands of the Neris River (in the east). Both recent lows
is separated by the Veiveriai ridge (in the south of the municipal territory). The lowest
The Kaunas district municipality is located in the west, by the Nemunas, 16 meters away. January
average temperature -4.8 °C, July 17.5 °C. Precipitation 608-727 mm per year.
Lithuanian hydrometeorological services of Kaunas Hydrology and Kaunas Aviation
meteorological stations. Inland waters occupy 5% of the municipality's territory. Through
the middle Nemunas river, the Neris, Nevėžio, and Jiesia lower rivers flow through the municipality, in the west
border - the lower part of Dubysa. 8 ponds of state importance (3958 ha in total);
the largest are Kaunas maria, Krivėnai, Pajiesi, Janušonii ponds. of the lake
Novaraištis high marshes.

Nemunas at Kačergine © Ignas Burneika

Forest coverage 30.8% (the western part is the most forested); the largest forests -
Varluva, Babti, Padauguva, Karalgiris, Zapyškis, Paris forests, Dubravas
praises Mostly pine forests and fir trees grow.

In the north, north-west and north-east, there is a predominance
carbonate shallow silty ryes and carbonate shallow silty
washed-out lands, in the western, southern, and southeastern parts - washed-out lands,
in the southwest (Ežerelis bog) there are peat soils, and in some places - silty soils.
The most important minerals are gravel, clay, peat. There is plaster and
anhydrite deposits.

Panemunias Regional Park and Dubysa Regional Park
components. The landscape of Nevėžio, Jiesia, Lieke, Nerepa, Ringovė
entomological, Paštuva botanical, Dubysos, Karklės ichthyological, Aluonas
hydrographic, Lapia geomorphological, Kamša botanical zoological, Novaraištis
ornithological reserves. One of the oldest Arlavishki in Lithuania is protected
juniper grove 3 state-protected parks: Girionii, Raudondvarios, Obelynės. Babtų-Varluva
forests and Padauguva forest biosphere polygons. Natural monuments: 2 geological
(Drăseikiai outcrop, Karalgiri stone), 2 botanical (Dubrava twins, July
mother). Kadagii Valley, Žiegždria geological, Pakalniškii educational trails,
Dubrava reservation district.